The origin of the city and the name are uncertain, but the toponym is certainly of Latin extraction (from Melfi, a Lucanian maritime village abandoned by Roman refugees in the 4th century AD, or by the Roman gens Amarfia of the 1st century AD. . C.). According to a legend, the town takes its name from Amalfi, a nymph loved by Hercules who was buried here at the behest of the gods. Surely inhabited by the Romans, who had fled to the Lattari Mountains to escape the Germanic and Lombard invasions, it was a castrum for the defense of the Byzantine Duchy of Naples. The city enjoyed a privileged relationship with Byzantium due to the ability of the Amalfitans in maritime trade. It is now known that they were the first to invent the compass as a “dry” magnetic marine orientation tool and to spread it in the Mediterranean by the first half of the 13th century.
Since 1997, the Amalfi Coast, which takes its name from Amalfi, has been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. The climate is Mediterranean, with mild, rainy winters and moderately hot, sunny and almost never muggy summers.
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